FICO - Your Credit Score
Since we live in an automated society, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage loan boils down to a single number.
Credit reporting agencies use your history of paying loans to build a FICO score.
The three credit reporting agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While these methods vary from one agency to another, the differences aren't huge; each agency uses the following to calculate your credit score:
- Your Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- Payment History - Have you paid more than 30 days late, and how often?
- Credit Card Balances - How many credit card accounts do you hold, and how much do you owe on them?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of lending you money?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher is always better. Most folks getting a mortgage these days have a score above 620.
Credit scores make a big difference in interest rates
Did you know? Credit scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Raising your credit score
What can you do to raise your FICO score? Unfortunately, not much. Because the score is based on your lifelong credit history, it's difficult to change it quickly. (Of course you can and should appeal incorrect items on your credit report.)
Getting your credit score
To raise your credit score, you must get the reports that the agencies use to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score along with reports from all three credit reporting agencies. They also provide information and tools that help you improve your credit score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once a year from all three agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free credit score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Now that you have all the facts, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the most favorable mortgage.
Curious about your credit score? Give us a call: 978-422-2311.